General Assembly is composed by the representatives of the members. It is appropriate to provide every member with a voting right of the same value but there can also be other models (e.g. based on population or on the share of the membership fee). It is to be taken into consideration that the founding members representing different national administrative systems may be characterised by diverse status, population, etc.
From the point of view of the separation of decision-making and executive functions, it is more beneficial if the General Assembly elects a President coordinating the work of the General Assembly while the Director manages the professional and administrative tasks of the EGTC as the executive. At the same time, there are EGTCs where the President delegated by the members is, in parallel, also the Director. The Hungarian practice used to separate the two functions: the President of the Assembly rather plays purely a political role while the Director has professional duties.
With a view to guarantee the members’ interest representation, one of the following decision-making methods is advised to be applied:
- unanimity: the proposal enters into force if each member approves it (this type of decisions can be maintained for certain issues; its advantage consists of the strong legitimacy provided for the EGTC’s decisions and operation, however, it may paralyse decision-making by providing the right of veto for each member);
- parity: it means that the proposal has to be approved separately by the members per represented country (in practical terms, it is a form of unanimity where the votes of the representatives of the member countries are separately necessary for the decision, i.e. no part can make the decision without the support of the other part);
- qualified majority: in this case, the decisions can be dependent on a particular ratio to reach;
- simple majority: its advantage consists of that it does not differentiate between the members by their country of origin what enhances internal cohesion.