A területi kormányzási struktúrák hatása a határon átnyúló együttműködésre – négy határrégió összehasonlító elemzése
The issue of the borders, cross-border processes and cross-border cooperation has an implicit impact on the early economic theories, however, the policy became particularly important with the appearance of regional science with a multidisciplinary approach. The border regions are often peripheral, underdeveloped areas, which are included in the intervention fields of the state territorial development policy. The significance of the border regions was also recognised early by the European regional policy, cross-border cooperation received a key role regarding not only the economic-social – later territorial – cohesion, but promoting and deepening integration and the eastern expansion as well.
The dissertation is raising the question how territorial governance solutions in different countries impact cross-border cooperation in the territorial, municipal, institutional and monetary sections. Cross-border cooperation is a ‘corner’ of the European cohesion policy that is specific, small in terms of sources, but particularly important in terms of territorial policy, and it provides ground for comparison as at least two countries are necessary for it and it finances projects established around common objectives.
The theoretical chapters of the dissertation aim to demonstrate the interpretation of cross-border cooperation in terms of different co-sciences, as well as the integration steps that are the legal background of the cooperation, including the most important reforms and demonstrating the Western Balkan integration process in detail. The data at beneficiary level of the Slovenia-Austria and the Hungary-Croatia IPA Cross-border Cooperation Programmes of the 2007-2013 programming period provide the basis of the empirical study. I aim to highlight the connections between territorial governance, cooperation activities and the territorial and institutional patterns of resource utilization based on the aggregation on different criteria and comparative study of the data, paying special attention to the appearance of investment orientation in cross-border cooperation.